Tennis, a classic racquet sport, offers an exciting blend of speed, strategy and endurance. For newcomers and casual spectators, understanding the basic gameplay and rules can enhance their appreciation for the sport.

Tennis matches are typically played between two opponents (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). The game begins with a serve from one player to the opponent’s court. The objective is to hit the ball in such a way that the opponent is unable to return it legally.

Some basic rules of tennis include:

The boundaries and lines on a tennis court are integral to understanding how points are scored. Here’s what they represent:

  1. Baseline: This is where players stand to serve or receive serves. If a shot travels beyond this line, it’s considered out.
  2. Service Boxes: These four boxes are where serves must land, excluding when playing doubles where there are additional doubles alleys.
  3. Centre Mark: This small mark at center of baseline denotes where players must stand on alternate sides during service.
  4. Singles Sideline: These lines define boundary for singles match; shots outside these lines are out.
  5. Doubles Sideline: These wider boundary lines come into play in doubles matches only; anything outside them is out when playing doubles.

Tennis also has certain unique terms that every beginner should know:

Remember, tennis is not just about powerful strikes; rather, it’s a game where strategy can outwit physical prowess. Understanding the basic gameplay and rules of tennis can help you build a solid foundation and increase your enjoyment of this timeless sport.


The right tennis equipment significantly influences an athlete’s performance. From the racquet to the shoes, every piece contributes to the player’s comfort and efficiency on the court. Below is a breakdown of some critical pieces of tennis equipment and their impact on your game:

Tennis Racquets

A good racquet can be an extension of a tennis player. The size, weight, material, and balance of a racquet can all affect how a player hits the ball. For instance, a heavier racquet offers more power but less maneuverability. On the other hand, lighter racquets provide better control but might lack in power. A player’s skill level will often determine which type of racquet is most suitable.

Tennis Balls

Tennis balls may appear identical at first glance, but there are different types for various uses and court surfaces. Some balls have extra duty felt for hard courts while others have regular duty felt for clay or indoor courts. Also, certain balls are pressurized for professional tournaments, while others are pressureless for recreational play or practice.

Tennis Shoes

Having the right shoes is essential for swift movement and footwork on the court. Good tennis shoes offer superior grip for rapid direction changes, cushioning to absorb shock from jumps and sprints, and durability to withstand harsh court surfaces.

Tennis Strings

The type of string used in a tennis racquet significantly influences how it plays. Polyester strings offer durability and control; hence they are popular among advanced players who hit with heavy topspin. In contrast, natural gut strings give excellent power and feel but lack durability.

Other Accessories

There are several other accessories that also contribute to enhancing performance:

Investing in the right tennis equipment is crucial for all players, regardless of their skill level. While professionals might need high-end gear tailored to their specific style and technique, beginners can start with basic equipment that offers a balance of power, control, and durability. Remember, while good equipment can enhance your performance, it’s practice and skill development that ultimately determine success on the court.


Tennis, as a sport, requires not just physical swiftness but also tactical intelligence. A player’s position on the court and role during a game are decisive factors that can influence the outcome of a match. Whether you’re a beginner or a professional, understanding these positions and roles can significantly enhance your performance.

Serving and Returning: The Initiators

At the start of every point in tennis, there are two key roles – the server and the receiver.

Baseliner and Net-player: The Strategists

Tennis players generally fall into one of two styles – baseliners or net-players – based on their preferred position on court.

Singles and Doubles: The Team Dynamics

Tennis matches can be played in two formats – singles and doubles – each having unique positions and roles for players.

Understanding these positions and roles in tennis serves as a foundation for beginners while offering strategic insights for professional players. A comprehensive knowledge enables players to leverage their strengths, work on weaknesses, adapt according to opponents’ gameplay, thus greatly improving their overall performance.


Professional tennis players rely on a wide range of strategies and techniques to outperform their opponents. Understanding these strategies is not only beneficial for aspiring tennis professionals but also for amateur players and fans who want to comprehend the game at a deeper level.

Offensive Strategies

Offensive strategies in tennis aim at maintaining control over the game and dictating the pace of play.

Defensive Strategies

Defensive tactics in tennis focus on returning shots effectively and forcing your opponent into making errors.

Mental Strategies

Tennis isn’t just about physical skill; it’s also a mental game. Here are some mental strategies used by experts:

Advanced Techniques

Professional tennis players also master several advanced techniques that help them gain an edge over their opponents.

Through understanding these strategies and techniques, we can not only appreciate professional tennis matches at a deeper level but also improve our personal game by applying these tactics on court.


Tennis scoring can feel intricate for newcomers, but once familiarized, it is not that complex. This guide will help you understand the scoring system, the aspects of service, and the strategy behind breaks in tennis.


Scoring in tennis is based on a series of points, games and sets. Here is a breakdown:

The player who wins at least four points in total and at least two points more than his/her opponent wins the game. If both players have won at least three points but one has not won by two more than the opponent (40-40), this is called ‘deuce’.

In order to win a set, a player must win at least six games. The games must also be won by at least two more than the opponent. If the set score reaches 6-6, a tiebreak game is played.


Service or serving is how every point in a match starts. The server has two chances to get the ball into their opponent’s service box; otherwise it is termed as fault or double fault if done twice consecutively leading to loss of point.

Here are some key points about services in tennis:


Breaking serve or break means winning a game on your opponent’s serve. This strategy can swing momentum enormously as it can help players win sets even with fewer number of overall games won. Categorically understanding when and how to break can provide an edge over opponents.

Here are some tips on breaking serves efficiently:

  1. Take Advantage of Second Serves: Players usually go for safer shots during their second serve which could be exploited by aggressive returns.
  2. Pressure Your Opponent: Attempting hard returns can force errors from opponents during their services.
  3. Observe Your Opponent: Figuring out your opponents’ serving patterns can help anticipate their serves better.

Understanding scoring systems, service rules and breaks are fundamental to playing and enjoying tennis whether as an amateur participant or professional spectator. This comprehensive guide provides insights and strategies for those willing to dive into this fast-paced sport comprehensively with clarity on its core elements – scoring, services and breaks!